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The Mirror of History

The Mirror of History   The history of the Indian sub-continent over the past century unfolds like the chapters of a chronicle of civil war. India was partitioned, the partitioned segment was re-partitioned. “Internal enemies” were identified and massacres unleashed – the list of victims runs into millions and affects every major community. Communal myths… View Article

The Brains of the Living: A Discussion on Political Violence

NB: This is a revised version of a paper presented to a seminar in Patna in April 2003, under the auspices of Oxfam’s Violence Mitigation and Amelioration Project; and again, at a seminar at the Indian Social Institute on September 4, 2003. It contains material from earlier articles including Out of the Shadow (Communalism Combat,… View Article

The Threads of Conscience

American opinion columns after September 11 included the following recommendations: “The Afghans are responsible for the Taliban. We should not target civilians. But if they don’t rise up against this criminal government, they starve, period.”; “We should invade their countries, kill their leaders, and convert them to Christianity. We weren’t punctilious about locating and punishing… View Article

Subaltern Studies

This essay was published as a review under the entry for Subaltern Studies in the International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences (2002) An Indian school of historiography whose inspiration lay in the Maoist movement of the 1970’s, and whose raison d’etre has been the critique of the perceived elitist bias of Indian nationalist… View Article

Lest we forget

The killing of five civilians at the hands of the Border Security Force in Ramban and their burial makes us recall the conversation we had with Habibullah Khan, the 80 year old caretaker of the more than two decades old Martyr’s graveyard, located next to the Idgah in the heart of Srinagar. The graveyard, which… View Article